Curve kingdom dating

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King Tuthmosis I was responsible for a considerable widening of the boundaries of the Middle Kingdom sanctuary, which he enclosed with stone walls on north, south, and east; on the west, toward the Nile, he built two monumental portals in close succession, between gate towers.

Inside the giant court, against the enclosure walls, he set up statues in the form of Osiris, symbolizing the perpetual renewal of the kingship within the dynastic order: here began the furnishing of buildings with a form of stone sculpture closely associated with the architecture.

On the edge of the west bank, confined by its cliffs, lay the necropolis, which had as its first monumental centre the tomb complex of the founder of the Middle Kingdom in the valley at Deir el Bahari.

The history of the sanctuary is complicated by repeated expansions and by razing old shrines and constructing new ones, in the principal east-west directions and toward neighbouring cults on north and south, a process that lasted from the beginning of the New Kingdom into the Late Period. Accordingly we can only discuss the basic conception of the architectural layout with reference to the more important elements of the temple, and describe the most notable sites.According to the new official dogma the legitimate ruler was begotten by the god Amon-Ra and the sister-consort, now exalted to "consort of the god," of the ruling king.In death the ruler entered into the being of his divine father Amon.• New Kingdom Architecture: Introduction/Characteristics • Thebes: Capital of a New Egyptian Empire • Temple of Amon-Ra at Karnak • Temple of Luxor • "Primeval Hill" at Medinet Habu • Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut • The Amarna Period • Temple and Cenotaph of Sety I at Abydos The New Kingdom witnessed the appearance of the large Egyptian temples - the most impressive form of Ancient Egyptian architecture after the Old Kingdom's pyramids.There are two types of sanctuary: a mortuary temple on the west bank and a temple to the living god on the east bank of the Nile.

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